Three Approaches to Psychotherapy

In the 1960's a film titled Three Approaches to Psychotherapy was made (it was also referred to as The Gloria Films). It demonstrated three therapy sessions by three different therapists using three different psychotherapy approaches with the same woman (Gloria). What's interesting about it is that each therapy exemplifies a particular Enneagram type, both the approach used and the therapist applying it.

Each session begins with an introduction to the approach by the therapist about to use it. This is followed by a demonstration of the approach in an actual therapy session with Gloria. Often when a psychological theory or therapy is developed, it's an extension of the developer's Enneagram style. So for instance, Carl Roger's approach involves making the client feel comfortable and heard, Fritz Perls' approach is confrontational in order expose the truth underlying what the client is presenting, and Albert Ellis' approach is more about reframing how the client thinks about the situation. The client, Gloria, appears to be a type 6. This comes out strongly in contrast to Fritz Perls type 8 confrontational approach in his session.

The Gloria Films were quite widely viewed by students studying psychotherapy in the 1960's and 1970's. As such, much was discussed and speculated about Gloria herself. So much so that her daughter, Pammy mentioned in the video, wrote a book much later called Living with 'The Gloria Films': A daughter's memory.